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As the new year unfolds, it’s an opportune time to prioritize health and well-being.

While resolutions often revolve around fitness and nutrition, the health of our digestive system is equally crucial.

Abdominal pain is a signal that your body may be trying to communicate an underlying issue.

Whether it’s a fleeting discomfort or persistent pain, taking prompt action can be crucial for your well-being.

Here’s why, when it comes to abdominal pain, booking that medical appointment should be a top priority.

This comprehensive guide explores why considering a visit to a gastroenterologist should be a cornerstone of your new year’s health initiatives, shedding light on the vital role these specialists play in maintaining optimal digestive wellness.


Understanding the Role of a Gastroenterologist


Expertise in Digestive Health:

Gastroenterologists are medical professionals specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the digestive system.

From the esophagus to the rectum, these specialists possess a deep understanding of the intricate workings of the gastrointestinal tract.


Comprehensive Approach to Digestive Disorders:

Digestive issues can manifest in various ways, from common discomforts to more complex conditions.

Gastroenterologists are equipped to address a spectrum of concerns, including acid reflux, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and liver disorders.


Diagnostic Expertise:

Gastroenterologists employ a range of diagnostic tools, including endoscopic procedures like colonoscopies and esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGD), to investigate and diagnose digestive issues accurately.



Why You Might Need to See a Gastroenterologist:


  1. Persistent Digestive Symptoms:

If you’ve been grappling with persistent symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating, changes in bowel habits, or unexplained weight loss, a gastroenterologist can conduct a thorough evaluation to identify the underlying cause.


  1. Screening for Colorectal Cancer:

Colorectal cancer is a significant health concern, but early detection through routine screenings can be life-saving. Gastroenterologists play a pivotal role in performing colonoscopies, a gold-standard screening tool for colorectal cancer.


  1. Chronic Heartburn or Acid Reflux:

Occasional heartburn is common, but chronic symptoms may indicate gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Gastroenterologists can assess the severity of symptoms and recommend appropriate treatments to prevent complications.


  1. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD):

Conditions like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis fall under the umbrella of IBD. Gastroenterologists specialize in managing these chronic conditions, offering personalized treatment plans to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life.


  1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):

IBS is a common digestive disorder characterized by abdominal pain and changes in bowel habits. Gastroenterologists can provide guidance on managing symptoms and improving overall digestive health.


  1. Liver Disorders:

From fatty liver disease to viral hepatitis, gastroenterologists are well-versed in diagnosing and managing a range of liver conditions. Early intervention is crucial for preventing liver damage.


  1. Screening for Gastrointestinal Cancers:

Beyond colorectal cancer, gastroenterologists can assess the risk and screen for other gastrointestinal cancers, including stomach, pancreatic, and esophageal cancers.



Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer Can Include:

Colorectal cancer can present a range of symptoms, and it’s important to note that the presence of these symptoms does not necessarily indicate cancer.

However, if you experience any of the following signs, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation.

Early detection and intervention significantly improve outcomes. Common symptoms of colorectal cancer include:


  • Changes in Bowel Habits:

Persistent diarrhea or constipation

Changes in the consistency of stool

  • Blood in the Stool:

Bright red or dark blood in the stool

Stool that appears black or tarry

  • Abdominal Discomfort:

Persistent abdominal pain or cramping

Discomfort or bloating that doesn’t go away.

  • Unexplained Weight Loss:

Significant and unexplained weight loss

  • Fatigue:

Unexplained fatigue or weakness

  • Incomplete Emptying of the Bowels:
    Feeling that the bowel doesn’t empty completely after a bowel movement
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia:
    Anemia that’s identified by symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, or shortness of breath, and confirmed through blood tests showing low levels of red blood cells or hemoglobin
  • Narrow Stools:
    Pencil-thin or narrow stools

It’s essential to recognize that these symptoms can also be associated with various other non-cancerous conditions such as hemorrhoids, inflammatory bowel disease, or infections.

Nevertheless, if you experience persistent or worsening symptoms, especially if you’re over the age of 50 or have a family history of colorectal cancer, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly.

Screening for colorectal cancer is recommended, especially for individuals at average risk starting at the age of 45 or earlier for those with higher risk factors.

Common screening methods include colonoscopy, fecal occult blood tests, and stool DNA tests.
Regular screenings are vital for early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer.



The New Year’s Resolution: Prioritizing Digestive Health


  1. Schedule a Comprehensive Checkup:

Begin the new year by scheduling a comprehensive digestive health checkup with a gastroenterologist. This proactive step can help identify potential issues before they escalate.


  1. Adopting a Gut-Friendly Lifestyle:

Gastroenterologists can offer personalized advice on lifestyle modifications that promote digestive health, encompassing dietary recommendations, stress management, and regular physical activity.


  1. Educate Yourself:

Use the new year as an opportunity to educate yourself about digestive health. Gastroenterologists can provide valuable insights, and there is a wealth of reputable resources available online.


  1. Advocate for Preventive Screenings:

If you’re due for preventive screenings, such as a colonoscopy, don’t delay. Gastroenterologists emphasize the importance of these screenings for early detection and prevention.



Common Procedures Conducted by Gastroenterologists:


  1. Colonoscopy:

Purpose:  Examination of the entire colon (large intestine) for abnormalities such as polyps, inflammation, or cancer.


  1. Upper Endoscopy (Esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD):

Purpose:  Examination of the esophagus, stomach, and the beginning of the small intestine for issues like ulcers, inflammation, or tumors.


  1. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP):

Purpose:  Evaluation and treatment of conditions affecting the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and pancreas.


  1. Capsule Endoscopy:

Purpose:  Evaluation of the small intestine for issues like bleeding, tumors, or inflammatory bowel disease.


  1. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy:

Purpose:  Examination of the rectum and the lower part of the colon for polyps, tumors, or inflammation.


  1. Liver Biopsy:

Purpose:  Collection of a small sample of liver tissue for examination, aiding in the diagnosis of liver diseases.


  1. Esophageal Dilation:

Purpose:  Widening of a narrowed esophagus, often due to scar tissue or strictures.


  1. Polypectomy:

Purpose:  Removal of polyps, which are abnormal growths, usually during a colonoscopy.

These procedures are valuable for diagnosing and treating a wide range of digestive conditions.

The choice of procedure depends on the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and the suspected or identified issue.


Conclusion: A Digestive Wellness Journey Begins


Seeing a gastroenterologist offers not just a resolution but a commitment to understanding, addressing, and optimizing your digestive health.

Whether you’re grappling with specific symptoms or seeking preventive care, the guidance of a gastroenterologist sets the stage for a healthier, more vibrant you in the new year and beyond.

By putting your digestive health in the spotlight and seeing a gastroenterologist, you set the stage for a year of holistic well-being.

Book that appointment, take charge of your gut health, and embark on a journey towards a healthier, happier you.

Dr. Deetlefs has earned the reputation of a trusted health expert providing consultative, diagnostic, and therapeutic endoscopic and related services to patients in Cape Town and beyond. 

Dr. Deetlefs can be contacted to confirm the estimated breakdown should you be interested in having the procedure done.



The information on this website is to provide general guidance. In no way does any of the information provided reflect definitive medical advice and self-diagnoses should not be made based on information obtained online. It is important to consult a Gastroenterologist or medical doctor regarding ANY and ALL symptoms or signs including, but not limited to: abdominal pain, haemorrhoids or anal / rectal bleeding as it may a sign of a serious illness or condition. A thorough consultation and examination should ALWAYS be performed for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. Be sure to call a physician or call our office today and schedule a consultation.

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© Dr. Eduan Deetlefs, Registered Gastroenterologist, GI Doc Cape Town

Our website information is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please consult a doctor about your specific condition. Only a trained physician can determine an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.